Austria Road Network

By | November 5, 2022

The Austrian Autobahn and Schnelsstraßennet.

According to wholevehicles, in Austria there are about 110,000 kilometers of roads, almost all of which are paved. The country has about 1,900 kilometers of Autobahnen and Schnellstraßen. Roads in the latter category can be sub-standard highways, but also two-lane motorways, where only the restrictions for slow traffic and the associated higher maximum speed form the difference from a regular two-lane road. However, as a rule, Schnellstraen are executed conflict -free.

Autobahnen and Schnellstraßen are managed by the central government, which has contracted out construction and maintenance to an organization called ASFiNAG. These routes are subject to toll. In most cases, an Austrian Autobahn vignette is sufficient; for the major Alpine routes, however, tolls are paid separately at toll stations, these are Sondermautstrecken. The idea of ​​this separate toll collection is that the construction and maintenance of routes such as the Brenner and the Tauern are so cost-intensive that they must not be paid from the general budget, but to a greater extent by the users of these routes. In contrast to the Swissvignette you can also buy Austrian vignettes for short periods. For the holidaymaker, a route through Austria can therefore be more attractive than a route through Switzerland. Trucks pay toll via the GO-Box.

As in Switzerland, further development of the transalpine routes in Austria is a sensitive issue for residents of the Alpine regions and for the environmental movement. Small communities in the mountain valleys have no need to facilitate cross-border traffic. On the other hand, it is often a matter of looking for a balance between trucks driving through the villages and the construction of a highway around it. Since Austria is a member of the European Union, it cannot take such severe measures against freight traffic as Switzerland. That would be contrary to the European free movement of persons and services.

History

The A13 at Innsbruck-Süd.

The Talübergang Schottwien of the S6.

In the 1920s, following the construction of the Italian motorway, the construction of motorways in Austria was also considered. In 1926, the design was drawn up for Austria’s first Autobahn, a motorway from Vienna to the Semmeringpass. This was planned as a privately funded road but never got off the ground. In 1928, the Verband der österreichischen Straßengesellschaften took on the task of developing roads, leading to a more structured approach to the modernization of the Austrian road network. In 1936 the first road plan was drawn up, which did not yet include Autobahnen, but mainly main roads. One of the highest priorities was a modern road connection on the Vienna – Linz – Salzburg axis.

The construction of Autobahnen in Austria started after the Anschluß with the German Reich. On April 7, 1938, the first shovel was put in the ground by Adolf Hitler, for an Autobahn from Salzburg to Wien. It was planned that in 1941 the entire Autobahn from Salzburg to Vienna would be ready. Before the end of World War II, only 16 kilometers of road was finally opened up, a V-shaped junction around Salzburg, which included the present-day A1 and A10 around Salzburg. After the Anschluß, Austria was included in the plans of the German Reichsautobahnen.

The plan for the Reichsautobahnen envisaged the following highway connections in Austria;

  • Passau – Linz – Wien – Hungary
  • Salzburg – Linz
  • Salzburg – Liezen – Wien with a branch to Graz
  • Linz – Liezen
  • Kufstein – Innsbruck – Brenner Pass
  • Scharnitz – Innsbruck

No Reichsautobahnen were foreseen in the south of Austria yet. However, the highway plan was not in line with the actual traffic demand of that time, which mainly took place around the large cities, outside the traffic volume in the 1930s was still very limited.

After the Second World War, the A1 between Salzburg and Wien was given the highest priority, construction began in 1953 and partly made use of the works already carried out in the period 1938-1941, this was the only Autobahn in Austria where in the years ‘ 50 already large stretches of have been opened, in particular in 1958 opened 93 kilometers of the A1. In 1967 the A1 was completed. In 1954 the term Autobahn and the prefix ‘A’ were first included in the Bundesstraßengesetz, although a numbering of Autobahnen itself was not introduced until 1971, the Autobahnen were known by their name until then.

In 1958, a new Bundesstraßengesetz was established, incorporating the Wiener Außenring (A21) as well as a branch of the A1 to Linz. The Süd Autobahn (A2) from Vienna via Graz and Villach to the Italian border was also included. The 1958 law also included for the first time a definition of the Autobahn as a grade separated road with connections and intended solely for fast traffic. However, the 1958 law did not include the Brenner Autobahn (A13), while construction did start in 1959, this was called the ‘double-lane widening of the Brenner-Bundesstraße’, when in reality it was a completely new Autobahn. In 1964, the Brenner Autobahn and the Inntal Autobahn (A12) were incorporated into the Bundesstraßengesetz.

In 1964 a new catalog of planned Autobahns was established, the Autobahn Bregenz – Feldkirch (A14) and Linz – Schärding (A8) were added. It was also established that Autobahnen would no longer end on the border of major cities, but would run around them. In 1968 the Tauern Autobahn (A10) and Pyhrn Autobahn (A9) were incorporated into the Bundesstraßengesetz, giving further shape to the nationally planned motorway network.

During the 1960s, construction was also carried out on the A2 from Wien to Wiener Neustadt. Priority was also given to the A12 in Tyrol, which was opened between the German border and Innsbruck between 1968 and 1972, as well as the A13 between Innsbruck and the border with Italy on the Brenner Pass. In the early 1970s, Austria had two long sections of Autobahn, between Wien and Salzburg and between Kufstein and the Brenner Pass.

In the Bundesstraßengesetz of 1971, road numbering for Autobahnen and Schnellstraßen was included for the first time;

The B197 over the Arlbergpass.

The highest point of the A10 (Tauernautobahn).

The Fern Pass.

# Name Procedure
A1 West Autobahn Vienna – Salzburg
A2 South Autobahn Wien – Graz – Villach – Italy
A3 Sudost Autobahn Vienna – Eisenstadt
A4 East Autobahn Vienna – Hungary
A5 Nord Autobahn Wien – Drasenhofen – Czechoslovakia
A6 Preßburger Autobahn Bruck an der Leitha – Kittsee – Czechoslovakia
A7 Muhlkreis Autobahn Linz – Wullowitz – Czechoslovakia
A8 Innkreis Autobahn Germany – Suben – Wels – Sattledt
A9 Pyhrn Autobahn Sattledt – Graz – Spielfeld – Yugoslavia
A10 Tauern Autobahn Salzburg – Villach
A11 Karawanken Autobahn Villach – Karawanks – Yugoslavia
A12 Inntal Autobahn Germany – Kufstein – Innsbruck – Landeck
A13 Brenner Autobahn Innsbruck – Brenner Pass – Italy
A14 Rheintal Autobahn Germany – Bregenz – Feldkirch – Bludenz
A15 Lake Constance Autobahn Lauterach – Höchst – Switzerland
A20 Wiener Gürtel Autobahn Wien/Donaupark Wien/Matzleinsdorf – Wien/Prater – Wien/Kaisermühlen
A21 Wiener Außenring Autobahn Steinhäusl – Vösendorf – Wien/Lobau – Eibesbrunn – Korneuburg
A22 Donauufer Autobahn Wien/Lobau – Wien/Kaisermühlen – Wien/Donaupark – Korneuburg
A23 Autobahn connection Wien Sud Wien/Inzersdorf – Wien/Arsenal
A24 Autobahn connection Wien Ost Wien/Kaisermühlen – Aderklaa
A25 Linzer Autobahn Linz – Welsh
S1 Marchfelder Schnellstrasse Wien/Kaisermühlen – Groß-Enzersdorf – Czechoslovakia
S2 Donaukanal Schnellstrasse Wien/Prater – Wien/Floridsdorf – Wien/Stammersdorf
S3 Waldviertler Schnellstrasse Korneuburg – Stockerau – Hollabrunn – Czechoslovakia
S4 Eisenstadtler Schnellstrasse Parndorf – Eisenstadt – Wiener Neustadt
S5 Badener Schnellstrasse Heiligenkreuz – Ebreichsdorf
S6 Semmering Schnellstrasse Seebenstein – Semmering – Bruck an der Mur – St. Michael bei Leoben
S7 Furstenfelder Schnellstrasse Ilz – Fürstenfeld – Heiligenkreuz – Hungary
S8 Ennstal Schnellstrasse Altenmarkt bei Radstadt – Liezen
S9 Innviertler Schnellstrasse Ried/Innkreis – Braunau – Germany
S10 Braunauer Schnellstrasse Salzburg – Mattighofen – Braunau
S11 Pinzgauer Schnellstrasse Bischofshofen – Bruck an der Grossglocknerstraße – Lofer
S12 Loferer Schnellstrasse Wörgl – St. Johann – Lofer – Germany
S13 Seefelder Schnellstrasse Zirl – Scharnitz – Germany
S14 Fernpas Schnellstrasse Imst – Lermoos – Germany
S15 Reschen Schnellstrasse Landeck – Reschenpaß – Italy
S16 Arlberg Schnellstrasse Pians bei Landeck – Arlberg – Bludenz
S17 Liechtensteiner Schnellstrasse Feldkirch – Tisis – Liechtenstein
S30 Kagraner Schnellstrasse Wien/Kaisermühlen – Kagran
S31 Burgenland Schnellstrasse Eisenstadt – Mattersburg – Lockenkhaus
S32 Ödenburger Schnellstrasse Eisenstadt – Klingenbach – Hungary
S33 Kremser Schnellstrasse St. Pölten – Traismauer – Krems/Nord
S34 Traisental Schnellstrasse St. Pölten – Rotheau bei Treissen
S35 Brucker Schnellstrasse Peggau – Bruck/Mur
S36 Murtal Schnellstrasse St. Michael bei Leoben – Thalheim bei Judenburg
S37 Steyrer Schnellstrasse Enns – Steyr
S38 Welser Schnellstrasse Linz – Welsh
S39 Grazer Schnellstrasse Graz (A2) – Graz/Liebenau
S40 Lurnfelder Schnellstrasse Lieserhofen – Lendorf
S41 Salzburger Schnellstrasse Salzburg-Süd – Salzburg/Nonnthal
S42 Pas Thurn Schnellstrasse Going – Kitzbuhel
S43 Wienerwald Schnellstrasse Korneuburg – Klosterneuburg – Wiental

The Brenner Pass.

In the 1970s and 1980s, a large part of the Austrian motorway network was completed, including most of the Stadtautobahnen in Linz and Wien, as well as the major routes with tunnels through the Alps. The Katschbergtunnel (A10) opened in 1974, the Tauerntunnel (A10) in 1975, the Arlbergtunnel (S16) and the Gleinalmtunnel (A9) opened in 1978, the Pfändertunnel (A14) in 1980, the Bosrucktunnel (A9) in 1983 and the Plabutschtunnel (A9) in 1987. With the opening of the Plabutsch tunnel, the city of Graz was greatly relieved of through traffic, especially in the summer period when many guest workers use the route to the Balkans.

There were missing links on various corridors until relatively late. For example, the last part of the A2 between Völkermarkt and Klagenfurt was only opened in 1999, the A8 at Wels in 2003 and the last part of the A9 in 2004. The focus was then on the connections to the former communist neighboring countries, which were added in 2004. came to the European Union. In 2007 the A6 opened as the first connection to Slovakia and in 2010 the first section of the A5 from Wien to Brno.

After 2010, large-scale investments were made in modernizing and doubling the large Alpine tunnels. Major summer bottlenecks were resolved, such as the doubled Plabutschtunnel in 2004, the Katschbergtunnel in 2009, the Tauerntunnel and Roppener Tunnel in 2010, the Pfändertunnel in 2013, the Bosrucktunnel in 2015, the Tunnelkette Klaus in 2018 and the Gleinalmtunnel in 2019.

In 2019, a minister of the Grüne came to the traffic ministry, almost all construction projects in Austria were postponed or cancelled.

Landesstrasse

On the secondary road network, roads are managed by the federal states or municipalities. In the numbering, a distinction is made between Straßen mit Vorrang (known as Bundesstraße until 2002, but since then administered by the federal states) and Straßen ohne Vorrang. Both road types are signposted with a B prefix.

Landesstraen type B in Austria
B1 • B2 • B3 • B4 • B5 • B6 • B7 • B8 • B9 • B10 • B11 • B12 • B13 • B14 • B15 • B16 • B17 • B18 • B19 • B20 • B21 • B22 • B23 • B24 • B25 • B26 • B27 •B28 • B29 • B30 • B31 • B32 • B33 • B34 • B35 • B36 • B37 • B38 • B39 • B40 • B41 • B42 • B43 • B44 • B45 • B46 • B47 • B48 • B49 • B50 • B51 • B52 • B53 • B54• B55 • B56 • B57 • B58 • B59 • B60 • B61 • B62 • B63 • B64 • B65 • B66 • B67 • B68 • B69 • B70 • B71 • B72 • B73 • B74 • B75 • B76 • B77 • B78 • B79 • B80 •B81 • B82 • B83 • B84 • B85 • B86 • B87 • B88 • B90 • B91 • B92 • B93 • B94 • B95 • B96 • B97 • B98 • B99 • B100 • B105 • B106 • B107 • B108 • B109 • B110 • B111 • B113• B114 • B115 • B116 • B117 • B119 • B120 • B121 • B122 • B123 • B124 • B125 • B126 • B127 • B129 • B130 • B131 • B132 • B133 • B134 • B135 • B136 • B137 • B138 • B139 • B140 • B141• B142 • B143 • B144 • B145 • B146 • B147 • B148 • B149 • B150 • B151 • B152 • B153 • B154 • B155 • B156 • B158 • B159 • B160 • B161 • B162 • B163 • B164 • B165 • B166 • B167 • B168• B169 • B170 • B171 • B172 • B173 • B174 • B175 • B176 • B177 • B178 • B179 • B180 • B181 • B182 • B183 • B184 • B185 • B186 • B187 • B188 • B189 • B190 • B191 • B192 • B193 • B197• B198 • B199 • B200 • B201 • B202 • B203 • B204 • B205 • B206 • B207 • B208 • B209 • B210 • B211 • B212 • B213 • B214 • B215 • B216 • B217 • B218 • B219 • B220 • B221 • B222 • B223• B224 • B225 • B226 • B227 • B228 • B229 • B230 • B231 • B232 • B233B301 • B302 • B303 • B304 • B305 • B306 • B307 • B308 • B309 • B310 • B311 • B312 • B313 • B314 • B315 • B316 • B317 • B318 • B319 • B320 • B321 • B322 • B323 • B324 • B325 • B326 • B327 • B328 • B329 • B330 • B331 • B332 • B333 • B334 • B335 • B336 • B337 • B338 • B339 • B340 • B341 • B342

Road numbering

Autobahns have the prefix A, Schnellstraßen the prefix S and the prefix B is used for both Straßen mit Vorrang and Straßen ohne Vorrang. Many roads of less importance are not numbered or only administratively numbered.

The shield for A and S roads is a rectangle with a white border and white letters. The road number is stated with a prefix in the shield. Straßen mit Vorrang also have a blue shield with a white border. However, this is square and there is no prefix with the number. Straßen ohne Vorrang are also listed without a prefix. An oval with a black border and black letters is used for this.

Low number A and S roads are all near Vienna. Further west and south the numbers increase. Some ring roads and connecting roads (called Tangente in Austria) have numbers in the 20.

Autobahns and Schnellstrassen

The A9 at Sankt Pankraz.

The A10 at Bischofshofen.

The Voestbrücke of the A7 over the Danube in Linz.

No. Name Route
A1 West Autobahn Wien – Salzburg (border with Germany)
A2 South Autobahn Wien – Graz – Klagenfurt – Arnoldstein (border with Italy)
A3 Sudost Autobahn Vienna – Eisenstadt
A4 East Autobahn Wien – Nickelsdorf (border with Hungary)
A5 Nord Autobahn Wien – Drasenhofen (border with the Czech Republic)
A6 Nordost Autobahn Bruckneudorf – Kittsee (border with Slovakia)
A7 Muhlkreis Autobahn Linz – Unterweitersdorf
A8 Innkreis Autobahn A1 – Wels – Passau (border with Germany)
A9 Pyhrn Autobahn A1 – Graz – Spielfeld (Slovenia border)
A10 Tauern Autobahn Salzburg – Villach
A11 Karawanken Autobahn Villach – Karawankentunnel (border with Slovenia)
A12 Inntal Autobahn Kufstein (border with Germany) – Innsbruck – Landeck
A13 Brenner Autobahn Innsbruck – Brenner (border with Italy)
A14 Rheintal Autobahn Bregenz (border with Germany) – Bludenz – S16
A21 Wiener Außenring A1 – A2
A22 Donauufer Autobahn Vienna – Stockerau
A23 Südosttangente Vienna A2 – A4 – A22
A25 Welser Autobahn A1 – A8
A26 Linzer Autobahn Linz – Linz
S1 Wiener Außenring Vosendorf – Korneuburg
S2 Wiener Nordrand Schnellstrasse A23 – S1
S3 Weinviertel Schnellstrasse Stockerau – Hollabrunn
S4 Mattersburger Schnellstrasse Vienna Neustadt – A2
S5 Stockerauer Schnellstrasse Stockerau – Krems
S6 Semmering Schnellstrasse Seebenstein – A9
S7 Furstenfelder Schnellstrasse Riegersdorf – Heiligenkreuz (border with Hungary)
S8 Marchfeld Schnellstrasse Deutsch-Wagram – Marchegg (border with Slovakia)
S10 Muhlviertler Schnellstrasse Unterweitersdorf – Freistadt
S16 Arlberg Schnellstrasse Landeck (A12) – Bludenz (A14)
S18 Lake Constance Schnellstrasse Wolfurt-Lauterach – St. Margrethen (border with Switzerland)
S31 Burgenland Schnellstrasse Eisenstadt – Oberpullendorf
S33 Kremser Schnellstrasse St. Pölten – Krems
S35 Brucker Schnellstrasse Bruck an der Mur – Deutschfeistritz (A9)
S36 Murtal Schnellstrasse St. Michael (A9/S6) – Judenburg
S37 Klagenfurter Schnellstrasse St. Veit – Klagenfurt

European roads

European roads in Austria
E43 • E45 • E49 • E55 • E56 • E57 • E58 • E59 • E60 • E61 • E66 • E461 • E533 • E552 • E641 • E651 • E652

Nodes

junctions in Austria
Bregenz • Bruck an der Mur • Bruckneudorf • Deutsch-Wagram • Eibesbrunn • Eisenstadt • Floridsdorf • Graz-Ost • Graz-West • Guntramsdorf • Haid • Innsbruck • Innsbruck-Amras • Innsbruck-Wilten • Inzersdorf-Süd • Inzersdorf-West • Jettsdorf • Jettsdorf • Kaisermühlen • Klagenfurt-Nord • Klagenfurt-West • Korneuburg •Linz • Linz-Hummelhof • Mattersburg • Oberinntal • Peggau • Pongau • Prater • Raasdorf • Riegersdorf • Salzburg • Sankt Michael • Sankt Pölten • Schwadorf • Schwechat • Seebenstein • Spittal • Steinhäusl • Stockerau • Süßenbrunn • Traismauer • Villach • Voralpenkreuz •Vösendorf • Wels • Wiener Neustadt

Tunnels

The Pfändertunnel of the A14 near Bregenz.

The Roppener Tunnel of the A12.

Tunnel Length (m) Opening up
Arlberg tunnel 13972 1978
Plabutschtunnel 10085 1987
Gleinalmtunnel 8320 1978
Lobau tunnel 8275 2025
Karawanken Tunnel 7864 1991
Landecker Tunnel 6955 2000
Pfändertunnel 6744 1980
Tauerntunnel 6546 1975
Tunnelkette Klaus 6220 2003
Katschberg tunnel 5898 1974
Stricter Tunnel 5851 2005
Bosrucktunnel 5509 1983
Felbertauerntunnel 5304 1967
Roppener Tunnel 5087 1990
Tunnel Gotschka 4425 2015
Oswaldibergtunnel 4307 1988
Lermooser Tunnel 3168 1984
Amber tunnel 3132 1985
Tunnel Wald 2844 1993
Lainberg tunnel 2278 1997
Dalaaser Tunnel 1810 1979
Road Tunnels in Austria
Amberg Tunnel • Arlberg Tunnel • Bosruck Tunnel • Brettfall Tunnel • Dalaaser Tunnel • Ehrentalerberg Tunnel • Felbertauern Tunnel • Gleinalm Tunnel • Gurnauer Tunnel • Karawanken Tunnel • Katschberg Tunnel • Lainberg Tunnel • Landecker Tunnel • Langener Tunnel • Lobau Tunnel • Malfonbach Tunnel • Oswaldiberg Tunnel • Perjen Tunnel • • •• Roppener Tunnel • Strenger Tunnel • Tauern Tunnel • Tunnel Flirsch-Gondebach • Tunnel Garatz • Tunnel Pettneu • Tunnel Pians-Quadratsch • Tunnel Wald • Tunnelkette Klaus • Zammer Tunnel

Toll

The toll booth of the Felbertauerntunnel.

Autobahns & Express Roads

In Austria tolls have to be paid on the Autobahnen and Schnellstraßen. For vehicles lighter than 3.5 tons (passenger cars), an autobahn vignette is required for almost all autobahns. In addition, many transalpine highways have to pay a separate toll, this is called the sondermaut. A vignette alone is often not enough to cross Austria. A number of strategically located traffic tunnels and the Brenner Pass have been designated as sondermautstrecke.

Vehicles heavier than 3.5 tons have to pay via the GO-Box, an electronic toll similar to the truck toll in Switzerland, Germany, Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia.

Revenue

In 2021, ASFiNAG had the following toll revenues:

  • vignettes: €477 million
  • sondermaut: € 173 million
  • LKW maut: €1,655 million

In 2017, 27.4 million vignettes were sold, 3 million more than in 2014. In 2021, 21.7 million vignettes were sold. This was lower due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Mountain roads

In addition to the motorways, an entrance fee has to be paid on various mountain roads in Austria, especially in the western part. In fact, this is also a kind of toll collection. Prices vary per road but are relatively high. Especially on the Großglockner High Alpine Road, a hefty price of € 38.00 (2022) has to be paid, which is a bit of a shock for many tourists. In addition, there are quite high entrance fees on well-known tourist roads such as the Silvretta High Alpine Road, the Kaunertaler Gletscherstraße, Timmelsjoch and the Ötztaler Gletscherstraße. Most through connections are toll-free, except Felbertauernstraße.

Maximum speed

The Katschberg tunnel.

Since the 1970s, Austria has been subject to a maximum speed of 130 km/h on Autobahnen. In 2006 a test was held on the A10 between Spittal-Ost and Paternion with a maximum speed of 160 km/h. A maximum speed of 160 km/h was then no longer introduced and was reduced to 130 km/h on the A10 again. On 1 August 2018, a test with a maximum speed of 140 km/h started on two routes of a total of 120 kilometers on the A1, the increased maximum speed has been reversed as of 1 March 2020 after a change of government.

Signage

The signage on motorways and Schnellstraßen is on blue signs with white letters; on all other roads it is written in black letters against a white background. Local targets and objects are put on the signs in white letters against a green background. The same applies to rest areas.

References from the secondary road network to the main road network are in white-on-blue. References from the main road network to the secondary road network are almost everywhere in white-on-blue. The background color white is only used on the service signs placed 500 meters from the exit.

The road numbers of E-roads, motorways, Schnellstraßen and Straßen mit Vorrang are indicated on almost all signposts. However, the numbers of Straßen ohne Vorrang are often not on signposts or only on confirmation signs. On motorways and most Schnellstraen, exits are numbered. The number of the exit is equal to the number of the nearest kilometer marker. The internationally known exit symbol is used for this. Older signs use the word “EXIT” – which is an English word in a German-speaking country.

In addition to German, Slovenian is also recognized as an official language in some areas in Styria and Kärnten. As a result, the Slovenian name of the places in question should also appear on the signs in addition to the German name. However, there is opposition to this, especially from right-wing circles. FPÖ mayors have refused to post bilingual signs, leading to lawsuits. At the moment things seem to have calmed down somewhat, even if bilingual signage will not be available everywhere for a long time to come.

Road safety

Year Road fatalities
2010 552
2011 523
2012 531
2013 455
2014 430
2015 479
2016 432
2017 413
2018 409
2019 416

In 2010, there were 66 road deaths per 1 million inhabitants in Austria, a decrease of 42 percent compared to 2001. The country therefore belongs to the middle bracket of the European Union. By 2015, this had fallen to 55 road deaths per 1 million inhabitants, around the EU average. The number of road deaths in Austria is higher than neighboring countries Germany, Slovakia and Switzerland. The big difference with Switzerland is particularly striking, as both countries have many similarities.

Austria Road Network