Armenia Road Network

By | November 3, 2022

Armenia has a main road network of 7,513 kilometers, consisting of 1,753 kilometers of interstate roads, 2,000 kilometers of republican roads and 3,760 kilometers of local roads.

According to wholevehicles, Armenia’s road network largely dates back to Soviet times and is generally poorly maintained. However, the road network is relatively dense, especially in the wider region around Yerevan. There are quite a few connecting routes, despite the mountainous nature of the country. There is little international traffic, apart from some freight traffic from Iran. One can only leave the country by road via Iran and Georgia, routes that lead through mountain areas.

Armenia has no real highways, although there are a number of 2×2 roads that are partly grade separated. Much of the M5 from Yerevan to the west is 2×2 lanes, as is a good portion of the M1 from Yerevan to the northwest. Also the M4 from Yerevan to the northeast is a 2×2 road. The M2 from Yerevan to the southeast is also 2×2 lanes. The capital Yerevan has a bypass on the east and south sides of the city, the M15. Despite the regular presence of grade-separated intersections on these roads, one cannot speak of real motorways, because of many yard connections, slow traffic and buildings along the roads. The number of 2×2 highway-like roads is 192 kilometers. In mountainous areas there are regular 2+1 roads.

A large part of the cars in Armenia run on LPG, in 2014 about 80% of all passenger cars.

Road management

De nationale wegbeheerder is ARMroad, also called “Road Department” Fund It started in 2021 when the Road Department was reorganized into the Road Department Fund.

The department has undergone several name changes. In 2016, the Road Department was established as a state non-commercial organization (SNCO). This was created as the merger of the Transport Projects Implementation Unit and the North-South Road Corridor Investment Program Implementation Organization. The name was changed from the Transport Project Implementation Organization to the Road Department in 2019.

European roads

European roads in Armenia
E117 • E691 • E001 • E002

Asian Highways

Asian Highways in Armenië
AH81 • AH82 • AH83

Road numbering

The main road network consists of M-roads, the secondary main road network of H-roads and serve all cities and larger towns of the country and are always paved, although the quality can be less. There are no other numbered roads, except E-roads and Asian Highway roads that run over the aforementioned roads. For example, the E117 runs through Armenia. The original road numbering consisted of the Soviet numbering, but was transferred to an Armenian road numbering around the year 2000. At that time, the number E117 was also entered. The Asian Highway numbers were established in 1994.

The M-numbering runs from M1 to M15 and is largely a radial system for the lower numbers. The M15 is Yerevan’s bypass. The H-roads run from H1 to H52 and are clustered, but not zoned. In the past, M-numbering was indicated in Armenian with the letter Մ. However, on newer signposts the Latin M is used.

M-because

# No. Route Length
M1 Yerevan – Gyumri – Bavra – gr. Georgia 167 km
M2 Yerevan – Ararat – Goris – Agarak – gr. Iran 373 km
M3 Margara – Ashtarak – Vanadzor – Stepanavan – Dzoramut – gr. Georgia 184 km
M4 Yerevan – Sevan – Azatmut – gr. Azerbaijan 146 km
M5 Yerevan – Armavir – Bagaran – gr. Turkey 82 km
M6 Vanadzor – Bagratashen – gr. Georgia 97 km
M7 Gr. Turkey – Gyumri – Lernantsk 57 km
M8 Vanadzor – Dilijan 37 km
M9 Talin – Karakert 28 km
M10 Sevan – Getap 120 km
M11 Vaghashen – Vardenis – Stok – gr. Azerbaijan 60 km
M12 Goris – Tegh – gr. Azerbaijan 25 km
M13 Angeghakot – Shaghat – gr. Azerbaijan 20 km
M14 Tsovagyugh – Vardenis 95 km
M15 Abovyan – Masis (Yerevan Bypass) 29 km
M16 Ayrum – Azatamut 60 km
M17 When – Agarak 85 km

Signage

Signpost on the M1.

The signage is often moderate to poor and not very extensive. Road numbers are not always indicated. Local targets have a white background with black lettering, through targets have blue signs with white lettering. The prefix M is indicated by the Armenian Մ. Մ4 means M4 for example. A lot of signage is in both Armenian and English, but especially in rural areas there is no English translation. On older signs, targets are also indicated in Russian, in the Cyrillic script.

Traffic signs in Armenia are based on the European model. Built-up area boundaries are indicated by place name on a blue sign with white letters for larger places and on a white sign with black letters for hamlets.

Beacon and marking is often moderate and sometimes completely absent. The marking consists of white stripes on the road surface, similar to what is seen in most of Europe. On some multi-lane roads there is simply no marking, especially in the cities. Reflector posts are quite often present on major roads outside built-up areas. In addition, the crash barrier is often painted in a black and white pattern with reflective paint.

Armenia Road Network