Albania Demography

By | December 15, 2021

The independence of Albania was proclaimed by an assembly meeting in Durres in December 1919; a provisional constitution was approved in Lushnjë in January 1920, and in December 1921 Albania was admitted to the League of Nations. After three years of provisional government, the Republic was proclaimed in January 1925; but it was later replaced by the monarchical form, much more in keeping with the traditions of the country; the proclamation as king of Zogu I took place on 1 September 1928. The political boundaries were preliminarily established by the Conference of Ambassadors in November 1921 and determined in part on the ground by an international commission, which had to interrupt its work for the massacre of its capo (the Italian gen. Tellini); later he took them back and led them on with difficulty due to the frequent objections raised by the interested parties; finally the borders were definitively established with protocols signed in Paris in May 1925. Particularly delicate were the delimitations in the Vermoshë valley and adjacencies (Northern Albanian Alps), where it was necessary to take into account the habits of pastoral nomadism of the residents, and at the NE edge ., where Yugoslavia was granted some Albanian areas, to give breath to the cities of Giacova and Prizren, and then above all in the area of ​​Dibra, where not only the entire city was assigned to Yugoslavia, but a strip of territory necessary to protect the Dibra-Struga road. The monastery of San Naum, on Lake Ochrida, long disputed with Yugoslavia, has remained in Albania, but a large part of the surrounding territory was assigned to Yugoslavia. A SE. the border with Greece was definitively established, so that the ancient kazà of Còrizza remained entirely in Albania. For Albania political system, please check computerminus.com.

The territory for which the Albanians worked since 1878 to claim autonomy – the so-called Greater Albania – is much more extensive, especially to the east; outside the present borders important and compact Albanian nuclei remain in Old Serbia, above all in the countryside, certainly more than half a million in number.

The current state is divided into nine provinces; those of Dibra and Còssovo are however mutilated, because the major parts have remained in Yugoslavia; they have respectively Peshkopìë and Kukijs as capitals. The provinces are divided into sub-prefectures (31) and these into surrounding areas (80). All the statistical-demographic data are still very uncertain, perhaps more than for any other state in Europe. An official population calculation, carried out in 1923, gave the results shown in the following table:

This calculation cannot be considered as a real census, indeed the results give rise to several doubts, but it is still the only one that is possessed for the state, within its current borders.

When Albania was under the Ottoman Empire, also lacking reliable censuses for this state, any calculation was difficult, both of the total number of Albanians in the Balkan Peninsula, and even more of those living within the borders of the current state, borders that are not they completely coincide with those of the ancient vil ā yet Ottomans, which have also changed several times. Taking as a basis the very accurate calculations made by Albania Ritter zur Helle for the entire Ottoman Empire in 1876, we would arrive at the result that perhaps 740,000 residents lived in the territories corresponding to the current Albanian state. The new administrative division introduced after the Berlin congress and then modified again in 1890-91 makes comparisons difficult for the subsequent period; but a figure of 800,000 residents wholesale for 1890 shouldn’t be too far from the truth. On the basis of the official data of 1902 it could be calculated about 825-830,000 residents During the war, Albania suffered a lot, so that its population, far from increasing, probably suffered a rather noticeable decrease. In the area occupied by Italy a very accurate census was carried out in March 1917; in the much larger area occupied by the Austrians there was also a very diligent census about a year later; and almost simultaneously an accurate calculation was also made in the French occupation zone. Now, taking into account the (insignificant) parts that remained outside these three surveyed areas, and the interference between the Austrian and Italian areas, the population of Albania, within the current borders, could be calculated around 1918 at about 800,000 residents. Since then, the population has only slightly increased despite repatriation from abroad and exodus from areas that remained subject to Yugoslavia. and almost simultaneously an accurate calculation was also made in the French occupation zone. Now, taking into account the (insignificant) parts that remained outside these three surveyed areas, and the interference between the Austrian and Italian areas, the population of Albania, within the current borders, could be calculated around 1918 at about 800,000 residents. Since then, the population has only slightly increased despite repatriation from abroad and exodus from areas that remained subject to Yugoslavia. and almost simultaneously an accurate calculation was also made in the French occupation zone. Now, taking into account the (insignificant) parts that remained outside these three surveyed areas, and the interference between the Austrian and Italian areas, the population of Albania, within the current borders, could be calculated around 1918 at about 800,000 residents. Since then, the population has only slightly increased despite repatriation from abroad and exodus from areas that remained subject to Yugoslavia.

Albania Demography