Albania Contemporary History Part IV

By | December 15, 2021

The nationalist minority to which the major Albanian intellectuals belonged nevertheless forced Zogu to cede the newly assumed power to Shefqet bey Verlaci shortly afterwards. At the beginning of 1924 a student, Beqir Valter, injured Ahmed Zogu as he climbed the parliament stairs. This attack was followed by the killing of Avni Rusten, the killer of Hexad. The attack and the crime disturbed the country’s politics so deeply that a significant part of the deputies left Tirana, creating a small parliament in Valona. And from here, in July 1924, the expedition to Tirana that forced Shefqet Verlaci to abandon power and Ahmed Zogu to take refuge in Yugoslavia; but even the nationalist government of Fan Noli, then formed, was not supposed to have long existed. Its end, in December 1924, marked the

The results of Zogu’s work, particularly after he reassumed power, are undoubtedly remarkable. Taken back to Albania, in December 1924, by a revolution organized by Yugoslavia, as Mr. Ninčić himself admitted, in an interview with Matin. in February 1927, he immediately called the elections, proclaimed the Albanian republic and had its statute voted. Having ordered the state on a legal basis, the president of the republic dissolved the army, on whose loyalty he could not count, initially keeping in service the mountain bands of Mati and Dibra, which had brought him back to power. These too were then slowly dissolved, as he was reconstituting an army with officers sufficiently devoted to him. He therefore instituted compulsory recruitment, with a service of about six months, calling Italian officers as artillery instructors; and he also created, for the first time in Albania, a small warship, the organizer of which he was also an Italian officer. For Albania 2006, please check computergees.com.

In the financial field, to give Albania its own currency that slowly replaced the various current currencies, namely Italian paper lire and silver and gold coins of each country, known respectively under the names of crowns and napoleons, Zogu granted the National Bank of Albania, formed with mainly Italian capital, but also Albanian, Yugoslavian, Belgian and Swiss minority, the privilege of issuing coins, the unit of which was the lek, equal to one fifth of a gold franc. This bank was also granted the privilege of establishing, with the consent of the government, general warehouses in the main Albanian ports, in order to develop foreign trade. Furthermore, Albania contracted a loan of 50 million gold lire with a group of Italian financiers. It is administered by the Society for the Economic Development of Albania (SVEA) and, with excellent guarantees, is intended to finance reclamation, road works, the construction of the Durres-Tirana railway, port works in Durres and San Giovanni di Medua, possibly the construction of government buildings.

Regardless of the proceeds from the loan, the works for the improvement of the road network were quickly carried out, and the new Còrizza-Durazzo artery was opened, destined to send the products of the rich region of Còrizza to this port, which until now found their only outlet in Thessaloniki. To carry out these works, the Albanian government instituted a kind of compulsory civil service for public works, which could however be redeemed with a tax in money. Customs and tax services were reorganized, albeit gradually, ensuring more regular income for the budget; and in order to increase the latter, concessions were also made for the exploitation of state-owned forests, the most important of which were taken over by the Italian state railways. The regularization and more exact measurement of the oil concessions, already given to the English company Anglo-Persian, to the American firm Standard Oil, to the Italian state railways, to the Italian company for the Selenizza mines and to a French group were also carried out. As part of these concessions, the works of the Anglo-Persian, of the State Railways and of the Selenizza have already advanced, which last December found, at a depth of about 370 meters, very pure oil fields on whose extent, however, has not been so far possible to have accurate data. From the canons it draws from it, the Albanian state already has financial advantages of some importance; but much greater it can hope for by means of the percentages that it has reserved, if the researches obtain a truly favorable outcome. To better regulate the payment of land tax, Albania has entrusted the preparation of the cadastral survey of all its territory to the Military Geographical Institute (Florence). Better care was also given to education and public health services, within the limits allowed by the difficulties of the financial budget. Justice is administered in each province by a court of first instance, with three judges, and by a court of cassation made up of six judges based in Tirana. Administratively, Albania was divided into 9 provinces: Durres, Shkodra, Còrizza, Elbasan, Tirana, Gjirokaster, Berat, Còssovo, Dibra. Better care was also given to education and public health services, within the limits allowed by the difficulties of the financial budget. Justice is administered in each province by a court of first instance, with three judges, and by a court of cassation made up of six judges based in Tirana. Administratively, Albania was divided into 9 provinces: Durres, Shkodra, Còrizza, Elbasan, Tirana, Gjirokaster, Berat, Còssovo, Dibra. Better care was also given to education and public health services, within the limits allowed by the difficulties of the financial budget. Justice is administered in each province by a court of first instance, with three judges, and by a court of cassation made up of six judges based in Tirana. Administratively, Albania was divided into 9 provinces: Durres, Shkodra, Còrizza, Elbasan, Tirana, Gjirokaster, Berat, Còssovo, Dibra.

Albania Contemporary History Part IV