Alaska has a very modest road network due to its low population density and vast distances. The state is connected to the rest of the United States through Canada via the Alaska Highway. The George Parks Highway connects Anchorage to Fairbanks and the Richardson Highway runs from Fairbanks to Valdez. The Glenn Highway runs from Anchorage to Tok. The Dalton Highway is mostly unpaved and connects Fairbanks to Prudhoe Bay. The capital Juneau is not connected to the rest of the continent by roads. Many towns and cities in western Alaska are also not connected to the road network.
There are nevertheless some highways. The Fairbanks bypass is a highway and there are a few short highway sections around Anchorage, of which the Glenn Highway is a highway for the first few kilometers towards Palmer. There are visions of one day connecting Russia to Alaska through a bridge that would carry pipelines, railroads and possibly a highway or highway.
- Bittranslators: State overview of Alaska, including geography, economy, population and history as well as introduction to major cities of Alaska.
The state highway authority is the Alaska Department of Transportation & Public Facilities, abbreviated DOT&PF. The state manages 9,000 kilometers of road, both asphalt and gravel roads. DOT&PF also oversees a large network of ferry services along the South Coast, the Alaska Marine Highway System covering more than 5,600 kilometers, headquartered in Ketchikan. DOT&PF manages 805 bridges, but is responsible for inspecting all 983 bridges in the state, including those in the management of cities, boroughs and other agencies. The bridges in Alaska are mostly in good condition, partly due to the relatively small number and the fact that they were built relatively late. In other states, the departments of transportation often manage more than 10,000 bridges.
- Deluxesurveillance: Nickname of Alaska as The Last Frontier. Also covers geography, history, economy, politics and administration of the state.
The first roads were wagon trails from the late 19th century that were built during the gold rush. The historic Richardson Highway from Valdez to Fairbanks was particularly important in this regard. The Alaska Highway was completed in the early 1940s, connecting Alaska to Canada and indirectly providing a land route to the rest of the United States. In the 1950s and 1960s, most major roads in Alaska were paved. State Route 3 was completed in 1971 as a shorter route between Anchorage and Fairbanks. The Dalton Highway to Deadhorse on the north coast of Alaska was built in the early 1970s. This is the northernmost road in the United States.
A major project is the construction of the Knik Arm Bridge near Anchorage. It also plans to extend State Route 2 all the way to Nome in western Alaska.
Most roads outside the larger cities are lightly used. The main connections between the major cities have approximately 1,000 vehicles per day, but many through roads also have fewer than 500 vehicles. Some numbered roads handle less than 100 vehicles per day. The Glenn Highway ( State Route 1 ) east of Anchorage is the busiest road in Alaska with 61,000 vehicles per day.