Alamogordo, New Mexico

By | March 28, 2023

Alamogordo is a city located in Otero County, New Mexico. It is situated in the Tularosa Basin at an elevation of 4,336 feet above sea level. The city has a population of around 32,000 people and covers an area of over 41 square miles. The city is surrounded by the Sacramento Mountains to the east, the San Andres Mountains to the west, and White Sands National Monument to the south. Check phonejust for information about Bernalillo County, New Mexico.

The climate of Alamogordo is semi-arid with mild winters and hot summers. Average temperatures range from 40 degrees Fahrenheit in winter months to 90 degrees Fahrenheit in summer months. Precipitation averages around 10 inches per year with most occurring from July through September.

Alamogordo has a long history that dates back to 1693 when it was first settled by Spanish colonists. In 1848, it was officially recognized as a town and renamed Alamogordo after two nearby rivers. It then became an important stop along the Butterfield Overland Mail route in 1858 before becoming incorporated as a city in 1912.

Alamogordo operates under a council-manager form of government with five elected officials who serve for four-year terms. The current mayor is Richard Boss who was elected in 2018 and reelected in 2020 for his second term as mayor.

The economy of Alamogordo is primarily based on tourism, military operations, health care services, and retail trade businesses such as Walmart Supercenter and Lowe’s Home Improvement Center which have recently opened up new stores within city limits.

Education wise there are several public schools located within Alamogordo including Alamo Elementary School, Mountain View Middle School, Chaparral High School, Desert Star Academy Charter School and Otero College which offers both two-year associate degree programs and vocational training courses at its main campus located just outside downtown Alamogordo.

As far as landmarks go there are several popular attractions that draw visitors to Alamogordo each year such as White Sands National Monument located just south of town which features breathtaking sand dunes made up entirely out of gypsum crystals that stretch across 275 square miles; Oliver Lee Memorial State Park which offers camping sites along with trails for hiking; and Holloman Air Force Base which serves as home to numerous military aircrafts including F-16 fighters jets used by Air Force pilots for training missions over New Mexico’s desert terrain.

Population: 35,582. Estimated population in July 2020: 36,245 (+1.9% change)
Males: 17,571 (49.4%), Females: 18,011 (50.6%)

Otero County

Zip codes: 88310.

Median resident age: 33.5 years
Median household income: $30,928
Median house value: $75,400

Races in Alamogordo:

  • White Non-Hispanic (57.8%)
  • Hispanic (32.0%)
  • Other race (12.1%)
  • Black (5.6%)
  • Two or more races (4.2%)
  • American Indian (1.8%)
  • Filipino (0.6%)

(Total can be greater than 100% because Hispanics could be counted in other races)

Ancestries: German (16.0%), Irish (8.9%), English (8.0%), United States (7.2%), Italian (2.8%), French (2.3%).

Elevation: 4334 feet

Land area: 19.3 square miles


Alamogordo, New Mexico is a small city located in Otero County. It has an estimated population of 37,835 people, making it the 15th largest city in the state. The population is quite diverse, with Hispanic/Latino being the largest ethnicity at 45.5%, followed by White (36.1%), African American (11.4%), Asian (3.9%) and Native American (2%). The median age for residents is 33 years old, and about 13% of the population is under 18 years old. The median household income for Alamogordo is $41,000 with about 11% of households living below the poverty line.

The job market in Alamogordo is mostly comprised of government positions due to its proximity to two nearby military bases: Holloman Air Force Base and White Sands Missile Range. Retail trade and healthcare are also popular industries in this area as well as education and manufacturing. There are several higher education institutions located within a 25 mile radius such as New Mexico State University-Alamogordo, Eastern New Mexico University-Ruidoso Campus, and University of Texas at El Paso-Transmountain Campus that offer students a variety of degree programs to choose from.

The cost of living in Alamogordo is very affordable; it’s 8% lower than the national average according to BestPlaces data from 2020. Housing costs are particularly low with a median home value of $115,000 which is significantly lower than other cities in Otero County or other parts of New Mexico as well as other states across the US. This makes Alamogordo an attractive option for people who want to live an affordable lifestyle without sacrificing quality or convenience; it’s close enough to larger cities like El Paso for those who need access to larger amenities but don’t want to pay high prices for them.

For population 25 years and over in Alamogordo

  • High school or higher: 81.4%
  • Bachelor’s degree or higher: 14.6%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 6.0%
  • Unemployed: 7.1%
  • Mean travel time to work: 19.3 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Alamogordo city

  • Never married: 20.4%
  • Now married: 60.7%
  • Separated: 2.0%
  • Widowed: 6.6%
  • Divorced: 10.2%

12.1% Foreign born (5.8% Latin America, 4.9% Europe).

Population change in the 1990s: +7,673 (+27.5%).


Hospital/medical center in Alamogordo:


Other hospitals/medical centers near Alamogordo:



Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Alamogordo:

  • HOLLOMAN AFB (about 11 miles; ALAMOGORDO, NM; Abbreviation: HMN)
  • SIERRA BLANCA REGIONAL (about 48 miles; RUIDOSO, NM; Abbreviation: SRR)
  • BIGGS AAF (about 79 miles; FORT BLISS/EL PASO/, TX; Abbreviation: BIF)

Other public-use airports nearest to Alamogordo:

  • CARRIZOZO MUNI (about 51 miles; CARRIZOZO, NM; Abbreviation: Q37)
  • LAS CRUCES INTERNATIONAL (about 79 miles; LAS CRUCES, NM; Abbreviation: LRU)

Colleges and Universities

Colleges/Universities in Alamogordo:

  • NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-ALAMOGORDO (Full-time enrollment: 1,034; Location: 2400 NORTH SCENIC DRIVE; Public; Website:
  • OLYMPIAN UNIVERSITY OF COSMETOLOGY (Full-time enrollment: 42; Location: 1810 E TENTH ST; Private, for-profit)

Colleges and Universities

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Alamogordo:

  • NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-MAIN CAMPUS (about 70 miles; LAS CRUCES, NM; Full-time enrollment: 12,562)
  • NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY-DONA ANA (about 70 miles; LAS CRUCES, NM; Full-time enrollment: 2,380)
  • EL PASO COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 85 miles; EL PASO, TX; Full-time enrollment: 11,127)
  • THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT EL PASO (about 87 miles; EL PASO, TX; Full-time enrollment: 12,071)
  • UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO-MAIN CAMPUS (about 156 miles; ALBUQUERQUE, NM; Full-time enrollment: 18,780)
  • ALBUQUERQUE TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL INSTITUTE (about 157 miles; ALBUQUERQUE, NM; Full-time enrollment: 9,188)
  • UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX-ALBUQUERQUE NM CAMPUS (about 161 miles; ALBUQUERQUE, NM; Full-time enrollment: 3,261)


Public high schools in Alamogordo:

  • ALAMOGORDO HIGH (Students: 1,926; Location: 103 CUBA AVE.; Grades: 09 – 12)
  • ACADEMY DEL SOL ALT. (Students: 173; Location: 1211 HAWAII AVE.; Grades: 09 – 12)

Private high schools in Alamogordo:

  • COMMUNITY CHRISTIAN SCHOOL (Students: 281; Location: 2907 THUNDER ROAD; Grades: PK – 12)
  • N M VISUALLY HNDCPD (Students: 70; Location: 1900 N WHITE SANDS; Grades: KG – 12)

Biggest public primary/middle schools in Alamogordo:

  • CHAPARRAL JR HIGH (Students: 722; Location: 1401 COLLEGE AVE.; Grades: 06 – 08)
  • MT. VIEW MIDDLE SCH. (Students: 574; Location: 500 S. CANYON; Grades: 06 – 08)
  • YUCCA ELEM (Students: 398; Location: 310 DALE SCOTT BLVD.; Grades: PK – 05)
  • SACRAMENTO ELEM (Students: 362; Location: 300 ALASKA AVENUE; Grades: KG – 05)
  • NORTH ELEM (Students: 357; Location: 1300 NORTH FLORIDA; Grades: PK – 05)
  • HEIGHTS ELEM (Students: 301; Location: 2410 TENTH STREET; Grades: KG – 05)
  • OREGON ELEM (Students: 294; Location: 15TH & OREGON; Grades: KG – 05)
  • SIERRA ELEM (Students: 288; Location: 2211 PUERTO RICO AVENUE; Grades: KG – 05)
  • BUENA VISTA ELEM (Students: 270; Location: 2600 19TH STREET; Grades: KG – 05)
  • LACY SIMMS MIDDLE SC (Students: 117; Location: 501 CANEL STREET; Grades: 06 – 08)

Private primary/middle schools in Alamogordo:

  • FR JAMES B HAY CATHOLIC SCHOOL (Students: 106; Location: 1000 E EIGHTH ST; Grades: PK – 8)
  • ST JOHNS DAY SCHOOL (Students: 65; Location: PO BOX 449 1114 INDIANA AVE; Grades: PK – KG)
  • MONTESSORI CHILDRENS’ HOUSE – (Students: 38; Location: 1707 CRESCENT DR; Grades: PK – 4)
  • ALAMAGORDO SDA SCHOOL (Students: 8; Location: PO BOX 511; Grades: 2 – 8)


Library in Alamogordo:

  • ALAMOGORDO PUBLIC LIBRARY (Operating income: $737,851; Location: 920 OREGON AVENUE; 94,295 books; 1,863 audio materials; 3,198 video materials; 294 serial subscriptions)

Alamogordo, New Mexico