Afghanistan National Parks and Symbols

By | March 21, 2021

According to itypeauto, Afghanistan is a landlocked country and occupies a border position between Central and South Asia. Despite the plains in the north and south-west, it is a decidedly mountainous country. Crisis-ridden for over three decades, it is one of the least developed countries on earth.

Afghanistan Overview

Official name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Area: 652,225 km²

Residents: 35.5 million (2017, HDR)

Growth of population: 2.38% per year (2020, estimated)

Seat of government: Kabul

Official languages: Pashto, Dari

Regional languages: Uzbek, Turkmen, Baluchi and others

Afghanistan Snow-covered Hindu Kush

Afghanistan Snow-covered Hindu Kush

National parks

Band-e Amir National Park

The area of Band-e Amir was a 2009 first national park in Afghanistan reported. It is located in the central highlands about 90 km west of the city of Bamiyan at an altitude of about 2900 meters and occupies an area of about 613 km². The heart of the national park is a chain of six natural lakes (Band-e Haibat, Band-e Zulficar, Band-e Qanbar, Band-e Panir, Band-e Gholaman, Band-e Pudina), which run from the upper reaches of the Balkh River ( Rud-e Band-e Amir). A seventh lake (Kassa Band) is not part of the chain of lakes, but is also in the neighborhood. The individual lakes are surrounded by natural travertine damsdammed up, which were created by the precipitation of calcium carbonate, whereby plant organisms such as algae and moss have favored a deposit. The size and depth of the lakes vary widely and individual travertine dams are up to 12 meters high.

Band-e Amir Afghanistan Matters

Band-e Amir Afghanistan Matters

Wakhan National Park

The Wakhan National Park includes the entire Wakhan District and is around 25% larger than Yellowstone National Park with over one million hectares. The extremely remote high mountain region between Pamir and Hindu Kush is the second national park Afghanistan, who was expelled in 2014. The Global Environment Fund (GEF), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) support the Afghan government in fully establishing the national park. The ambitious goal is to protect the unique fauna and flora of this region in cooperation with the local population in order not least to improve their living conditions. In addition to wolves, lynxes, brown bears and ibexes, the Pallas cat and the Marco Polo sheep can also be found here. It is also believed that over 70% of the snow leopard population native to Afghanistan is protected here.

Band-e Amir Carl Montgomery

Band-e Amir Carl Montgomery

Shah Foladi National Park

The Shah Foladi National Park was approved by the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) in 2015 as the third and youngest National Park of Afghanistan reported. The Shah Foladi area is located within the Koh-e Baba mountain range, a western branch of the Hindu Kush, overlooked by the summit of the same name with an altitude of 5,050 m. The area is characterized by a unique mixture of cultural and natural landscape and is also an important water catchment area for the large river systems of Afghanistan. The national park extends over an area of around 2,700 km², of which the Shah Foladi Valley alone takes up 700 km². One finds plant communities here that can only be found in Afghanistan. In addition, urials (steppe sheep), red foxes, long-tailed marmots, stone martens, mouse weasels and wolves are at home here. In addition, Persian leopards, Eurasian lynx and Pallas cats are said to have been sighted. Last but not least, the national park offers habitat for over 270 species of birds, be they native species or seasonal migratory birds.

Band-e Panir Johannes Zielcke

Band-e Panir Johannes Zielcke

National symbols

The national flag

No other state changed the appearance of its national flag as frequently as Afghanistan. The current flag is a vertical tricolor with an aspect ratio of 2: 3 with the colors black, red and green. The color choice was adopted in 2002 by the then transitional government and is based on the flag of the monarchy (1930-1973). There are different interpretations of the colors of the tricolor. One interpretation says that the color black stands for the dark pre-Islamic period, red for the blood shed in the freedom struggles and green for Islam, but other interpretations are also possible.

The national coat of arms

The national coat of arms shows a mosque with a pulpit (minbar) and a prayer niche (mihrab), surrounded by a wreath of wheat ears tied with a ribbon on which the official name of Afghanistan is written. In the upper part of the coat of arms, the shahāda, the creed of Islam, closes the wreath of ears. Above the towers of the mosque, which is flanked to the left and right by the national flag, is the call to prayer ” Allahu akbar”. The state coat of arms was last modified in 2004: the year below the mosque was changed to 1298, which corresponds to 1919 AD, the year of independence. A stylized rising sun with nine long and eight short rays has also been added The coat of arms is on the national flag in the middle of the red flag field and is officially gold.

The National anthem

The Afghan national anthem (Milli Tharana) has been valid since 2006. The then government decided in 2004 that a new anthem should signal the beginning of a new era in Afghanistan after the end of the Taliban regime.

The text of the national anthem was written by the Afghan poet and writer Abdul Bari Jahani, the music was composed by the Afghan-born German conductor, composer and choir director Babrak Wassa.

According to the Afghan constitution, the text of the anthem must be in Pashto, contain the expression “Allahu akbar” and list the different ethnic groups in the country, in order to illustrate the unity of Afghanistan in the Islamic faith.

The national animal

The snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is considered the national animal of Afghanistan.

The big cat lives in the high mountain regions of Central Asia and is not unlike a leopard, but has gray, longer and denser fur. The population of snow leopards is declining and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies the population as “endangered” on the Red List.