10 Great Climbing Plants

By | February 6, 2024

Climbing plants are an excellent way to add greenery to fences and house walls. If you are not a fan of “bare” facades and want to bring some color into your garden , climbing and trailing flowering plants are a good idea. Many of these plants are also ideal as privacy screens. Whether you plan to green a house wall, a fence, a pergola, or a rose arch – these plants are suitable for most greening projects. In this blog article we have put together some climbing plants, climbing plants and tall plants to make your selection easier. See lightinghowto for 10 great black decoration ideas.

Why should you add greenery to your facades, fences and carports?

For a better climate! Facade greenery protects the house wall from excessive solar radiation, acts as additional insulation, so to speak, and thus reduces cooling costs in summer and produces a lot of oxygen. The micro-climate in your garden and your neighborhood is also improved. Life is better in well-green neighborhoods! Air pollutants and fine dust from nearby streets are absorbed and bound by the climbing plants, and they also provide shelter and food for animals such as insects and birds. No insect hotel can keep up!

Colorful and easy to grow: climbing plants as garden decorations, for adding greenery to carports and more

1. Clematis

Clematis, also known as clematis, is now available in a wide variety of varieties. An incredible variety of different flower colors and flower shapes awaits you with these climbing plants: flowers in dark purple, white-pink striped, determined magenta, reserved white , elegant pink, fiery red, strong blue, bell-shaped double flowers, unfilled flowers. Depending on the type of clematis, it can reach a height of up to 12 meters, usually 2-6 meters. The clematis prefers to be in the sun or partial shade; it benefits from underplanting, or at least a “shady base”, since, as the name clematis suggests, it is actually found in forests and forest edges. It doesn’t tolerate waterlogging well, so it’s best to mix some gravel into the ground. Most varieties are perennial, but not all are hardy.

2. Fast-growing: nasturtium

The colorful nasturtium is particularly suitable for greening fences, hanging down from balcony boxes. There are strong and weak-ranking variants. The flowers come in orange, yellow and red, purple flowers are rare. “Purple Emperor” is a purple-flowering variety. There are also differences in the foliage: there are now also variegated versions. You can observe the lotus effect on the large leaves after the rains. You have to sow nasturtiums every year, but it is easy to collect the seeds for next year in the fall . Nasturtiums are usually also edible, but it’s a matter of taste. The colorful flowers brighten up the salad and the unripe seeds can be used as a caper substitute.

3. From the Jungle: Morning Glory – Morning Glory

The morning glory is related to the white morning glory that many gardeners hate, but has enormous ornamental value and is far less invasive! Morning glories are available in breathtakingly beautiful tones: from white to violet, radiant sky blue or the fantastic dark red Scarlett O’Hara variety, which beautify fences and pergola in no time, but unfortunately only for one season. The good news: As with nasturtiums, you can simply harvest the seeds in autumn and plant them again next year. From May onwards you can put early morning glory plants outside or sink new seeds directly into the ground. With espaliers on the house wall, you can beautify your facade from spring to autumn with these beautiful climbing plants.

4. Exotic: African climbing lily

The African climbing lily climbs trellises a good 2 meters high. Despite its African origins, this beauty prefers it a little colder, so it is better in partial shade than in full sun. An east or west wall would offer it better conditions than a hot south wall or the dark north wall. Be sure to plant the climbing lily in a planter such as a pot , as it is not a hardy climbing plant and should be kept in a frost-free place in the house during the cold season.

5. Indestructible: Honeysuckle

The honeysuckle, also known as the honeysuckle or “Jelängerjelieber”, is rightly a popular garden plant: almost indestructible, hardy, modest and really pretty! This climbing plant, which is also popular with insects, is suitable for many locations, can be planted directly in the ground, but also thrives in a pot and will bring joy for many years even to the completely inexperienced gardener. The honeysuckle flowers come in all sorts of colors and the contrast with the dull, blue-green leaves is fabulous! The scent is wonderful too . If you want to have an insect-friendly garden , the pretty honeysuckle is highly recommended.

6. Express greening: knotweed

A warning from the start: knotweed grows like crazy. You should make time for regular cuts if you want to provide this extremely fast-growing plant with a home in your garden. If you want a very quick greening of house walls, walls, carports or fences, you have come to the right place with knotweed. Knotweed grows best as a solitary plant, as it would immediately crowd out most other climbing plants. Knotweed is a great way to create small huts for children in the garden: all you need is the right trellis. It’s best to find out more about the advantages and disadvantages of knotweed before planting it.

8. Acebia

Blue cucumbers? What a wonderful plant! The akebia is also called the climbing cucumber. The akebia is characterized by beautiful purple flowers, great foliage and whimsical fruits. This plant originally comes from Japan and China and grows to a height of around 4-6 meters. Flowers appear as early as April. The fruits of the akebia can be harvested in September or October. However, the harvest is only promising in wine-growing regions or after very hot summers.

9. Wine and wild wine

Virginia creeper and wine look great all year round. In winter it is the bare, rustic-looking wooden dividers of the grape vine, in spring it is green, in summer yellow flowers appear between the now strong green and in autumn there is a magnificent play of colors that is unparalleled and, depending on the type, delicious grapes! Both the wild wine and the edible variety are hardy. You can use wine in several ways: the grapes are edible and can be made into wine, grape juice and gels; the grape leaves can be made into stuffed grape leaves in the Greek or Turkish style . The leaves and branches are also of great value for all kinds of crafts such as door wreaths or table decorations.

10. Ivy

Ivy is a classic for facade greening. Ancient walls, a mysterious aura. This perennial plant thrives especially on the north side of buildings, on north-facing walls. As an evergreen climbing plant, ivy delights all year round. However, ivy is a commitment: If you remove ivy, the plaster often has to be renewed because the plant anchors itself in the plaster, but this is a small price to pay for the beauty of this plant: it provides shade, acts as additional insulation, and offers animals a shelter and just looks great! In addition to the classic dark green ivy, there is now also white-green, so-called variegated ivy. Garden decorations in a vintage decorative look, such as baroque decoration , antique decoration , dark academia decoration, go particularly well with ivy .

Bonus: Edible climbing plants

There are also some edible varieties of climbing plants. On the sunny house wall, on the pergola, or on the fence. We have selected a few examples below

kiwi

The kiwi, which comes from New Zealand, is also a climbing plant. In order for you to be able to harvest kiwis, you usually need at least two varieties, one of which serves as the pollinator variety. There are now also self-pollinating varieties. Kiwis like to be sunny. Hardy varieties can be kept outdoors all year round.

Cucumber, pumpkin, melon and loofah

Cucumbers, melons and loofahs are all members of the cucurbit family. Most of these plants grow climbing. An advantage of growing these vegetable plants vertically is the lower likelihood of mold and slugs are also less of a danger higher up than directly on the ground. All plants in this family require sufficient moisture and, as so-called heavy feeders, must be sufficiently fertilized; pelleted horse manure, for example, is also suitable for this. The variety of different cucumbers and pumpkins is large. Birdhouse calabashes, the loofah cucumber (for wellness lovers) and the funny little mouse cucumber are particularly impressive. There are now many outdoor varieties of cucumbers that grow well even in northern Germany without a greenhouse, examples of which are Swing F1, Spacemaster and Lily F1.

Runner beans and climbing beans

Runner beans, kidney beans, green beans: All are suitable as greenery, quick privacy protection and a healthy source of food. Runner beans like the “Lady Di” variety are actually just runner beans that you can process into delicious chilies, for example. The runner bean “Blauhilde” is also popular; the stringless bean has purple-bluish bean pods. “Neckargold” is another popular variety with yellow pods. Great for children from May: A bean tepee in the garden: Insert bamboo sticks into the ground in the shape of a tepee and tie it together at the top. Sow various runner beans all around the tepee. By the end of July, the tipi should be well overgrown and inviting to play!

Espalier fruit

Most types of fruit such as apples, pears, plums and cherries can also be grown on espaliers. On the warm south-facing house wall, the fruits often ripen a little earlier than on the green meadow. In tree nurseries you will find “pre-trained” fruit trees, because turning a conventional tree into espalier fruit on your own is not that easy! The great side effects of espaliered fruit are obvious: delicious fruit and beautiful flowers for bumblebees and bees!

Bonus: Aim high – tall flowering plants as privacy screens and ornaments

Far away from climbing fellows, tall flowering plants can also be used to beautify walls and facades, and can also provide good protection from prying eyes.

Hollyhock

You probably know the hollyhock, which is actually a mallow plant and not a rose, from your vacation in Scandinavian countries like Denmark. This pretty plant lines entire streets there. The hollyhock likes to be sunny and is happy with little nutrients. It only blooms in the second year, but then every year. After frost, simply cut off the old shoots; the plant will sprout again in spring. Hollyhocks come in many colors: yellow, pink, pink, red and even a dark, almost purple black. Open flowers allow bumblebees and bees to feed. After flowering, you can collect the hollyhock seeds to give as gifts or to grow more hollyhocks. The hollyhock goes perfectly with Scandinavian decoration in the garden, with country house decoration and with shabby chic garden decoration .

Jerusalem artichoke

You may have come across Jerusalem artichoke in the organic market, but probably as a tuber, because it is edible. Jerusalem artichoke grows vigorously and impresses with its beautiful yellow flowers. Once Jerusalem artichoke has arrived in your garden, you can rely on it – you won’t get rid of it that quickly! As already mentioned, Jerusalem artichoke forms edible tubers that can be processed like potatoes. As long as these tubers are in the ground, the Jerusalem artichoke will bloom in your garden every year. The plant grows to a height of over one meter and is therefore also suitable as a half-height privacy screen in the garden.

Sunflower

What can you say about sunflowers? They are amazing! Easy to care for, attractive, impressive, insect-friendly, a source of bird food and a delicious snack when roasted, they have a great scent and are an attractive cut flower. You can sow sunflowers from the end of April, and these great plants will bloom from July. Planted densely enough and well fertilized, they make a great privacy screen. Solitary or paired with other flowers (or even covered with runner beans) they will brighten up any boring steel mesh fence. There are few arguments against sunflowers – sunflowers always work.

Sunflower