Despite the cold war already a thing of the past, just yesterday is that the U.S. President has proposed lifting the restrictions on exports of high-end computers for Russia, China, India and Pakistan. The embargo will remain however for Iraq, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Cuba, Sudan and Syria.
Bush transmitted also to the leaders of the various groups that make up the Congress that will present a proposal for the lifting of the export of computers to “Tier 3” Nations including Israel and Latvia, which thus need prior permission to import from the United States. It should be noted that this decision requires, however, a Government approval, although since 1990 export controls be relieved once a year, allowing the sending abroad more and more modern equipment.
According to the Whereversmartphone with the opening of the export controls, individual licenses and prior government conditions are only required for the authorisation of shipments abroad of computers operating at more than 190,000 MTOPS-milhões of theoretical operations per second. The current limit, available for years, is only 85,000 MTOPS something the manufacturer of processors want to see eliminated for good. Despite this restriction, the computers available in some computer shops, as well as the Internet, can present this processing capacity.
the White House, that the presentation of these proposals is urgent due to the technological developments because the equipment with a single processor ordered by mail or through the Net, can work at speeds 25 times higher than those recorded in the early 90. According to President Bush’s Press Secretary, Scott McClellan, these changes are aimed at updating the U.S. export control system so that it protects national security more effectively, without forgetting however the economic importance of this measure for the industry.
Bush proceeds to review export rules of the Export Administration Act, which regulates commercial exports that could be used for military purposes. Point out that this Decree expired in 1990, but has been maintained through temporary extensions. Both the White House as the Senate already approved separate bills to end the restrictions on exports of computers and other high-tech equipment. The differences between the two projects are still unresolved, something that must be done before the Congress to send the legislation to President Bush to sign.
as you would expect some of the largest companies of this area support the proposal of the President. The Computer Coalition for Responsible Exports, of which companies such as Dell, IBM, Intel, Unisys, Apple and Sun Microsystems, said since the recent decision will allow export controls to keep abreast with technological innovations. At the same time, claim that national security would be better protected if it were restricted the export of certain programs, such as those that allow the planning of nuclear explosions or missile steering systems.
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